The 3rd Manipal International Infectious Diseases Conference 2019, was organized on August 10th and 11th by Manipal Center for Infectious Diseases (MAC ID), Prasanna School of Public Health in association with the Department of Medicine, Kasturba medical College, Manipal and McGill Global Health Program, Canada on the theme “Tropical Infections and Global Health”. It brought together over 210 interested faculty, students and research scholars
Dr Sharath Rao, Dean, KMC Manipal welcomed the gathering. Dr Kavitha Saravu, the joint Coordinator of MAC ID gave the overview of activities of MAC ID and the conference. The Conference was inaugurated by the Vice Chancellor, Dr Vinod Bhat and he envisioned that in coming days “One health” approach and surveillance should be the way forward for early detection of infectious disease outbreaks. The guest of honor was Dr Poornima Baliga and released the MAC ID newsletter ‘Contagion’ and wished the best for the deliberations. Dr Sneha Deepak Mallya, Associte Professor of Community Medicine, proposed the vote of thanks.
Sir Nicholas J White
, Professor of Tropical Medicine at Oxford and Thailand, gave a key note on Malaria: The past, present and future. He traced the history of malaria, evolution of drug resistance in malaria. He hinted that the malaria vaccines could potentially be valuable in low endemic areas to eliminate malaria.
In another key note, Dr Ravi Vasanthapuram, Professor of Neurovirology at NIMHANS Bangaore
highlighted the epidemiology of Acute encephalitis syndrome, newer testing algorithms, and the need for early identification of treatable causes of encephalitis for improved outcomes.
Dr David Richard Bell
, Global Health Expert from Seattle, USA spoke on Diagnostics of Acute fever: Technology Innovation meets reality and spoke on Challenges in availability & use of Point of care diagnostics, biomarkers for diseases severity and the importance of true costs of diagnostics for the national program. He also highlighted on the methods available for detection of low level malaria parasitemia in elimination settings.
Prof Nicholas P J Day
, Professor of Tropical Medicine at Oxford and Thailand gave overview of antimicrobial resistance globally, need for better ways of estimates incorporating clinical outcomes and alluded to antibiotic footprints as communication tools. He also spoke on the iceberg phenomenon of melioidosis, and the high risk of diabetic patients acquiring the infection and the increasing need for laboratories capable of identifying the bug responsible for melioidosis.
Dr Jesse Pappenberg
Paediatric Infectious diseases specialist from McGill University, Canada spoke on Advanced Molecular Diagnostics/POC tests in Respiratory Infections and emphasized the need to choose the diagnostics wisely and the need for influenza vaccination. Despite efforts to improve prevention and management in pediatric pneumonia, the burden remains huge. Determining the causative agent still presents a challenge at both individual and population level and antibiotics are being overused in pediatric CAP and bronchiolitis.
The Indian Scenario of HAI and AMR: Results from India AMR Surveillance Network were presented by Prof Purva Mathur
from AIIMS, New Delhi showed alarming rates of drug resistance; she spoke on the ICMR initiative on Antimicrobial Stewardship across Indian hospitals to curtail AMR.
Dr Ram Gopalakrishnan
, infectious diseases specialist from Apollo Chennai discussed the Current Options and Strategies for the treatment of Drug Resistant Gram Negatives in India and infections in immunocompromised patients. Dr Swati Rajagopal
Infectious Diseases and Travel Medicine Consultant from Bangalore presented Management of Drug Resistant Gram Positives. Dr John Jude Prakash
from CMC, Vellore spoke on epidemiology and diagnosis of Scrub Typhus & other Rickettsiosis.
Dr Patricia Fontela
, paediatric intensivist from McGill University, Canada discussed about the utility of biomarkers in reducing the duration of antibiotics. Dr John Jude Prakash, Professor of Micobiology from Christian Medical College spoke on the epidemiology and diagnosis of Scrub typhus and other Rickettsiosis. Dr Reeta Mani
, Additional Professor of Neurovirology from NIMHANS Bangalore presented the recent updates on antemortem diagnosis and management of Rabies and newer simplified vaccine schedule.
Dr Manisha Madkaikar
, Director of National Institute of Immunohaematology from KEM Hospital, Mumbai spoke on Primary immunodeficiency in Children and adults. She also gave another talk on Infection induced HLH. Infection induced HLH diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion. Only 10 % cases are familial. However, she emphasized that we must rule out familial HLH even in suspected secondary HLH cases
2nd day of the conference saw many topics on outbreaks.
Dr Sajeeth Kumar
, Medical Suerintendent and Professor of Medicine, Kozhikode Medical College, spoke on the Lessons learnt from Nipah virus outbreak in Kerala. Though it is a deadly infection, a strategic management plan and skilled team effort saved the day, he stressed. Professor G. Arun Kumar
, Director of Manipal Institute of Virology gave a talk on Emerging Viral Hemorrhagic Diseases such as KFD, Ebola, Dengue haemorrhagic fever and Crimian Congo Haemorrhagic fever(CCHF). An interactive session on what to publish, how to publish and where to publish by Prof. Nicholas Day, Prof. Nicholas White and Dr. David Bell was moderated by Dr Sneha Deepak Mallya, KMC and Dr Murali T S from School of Life Sciences.
An informative panel discussion on Outbreak management: The Road ahead
was led by Dr. Kavitha Saravu, Eminent panelists including Dr Sajeeth Kumar, Dr Shah Hossain, Dr Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay and Dr Arunkumar emphasized the need for surveillance in the community and the lab, need for more laboratories equipped with skills and technology to detect the pathogens, coordinated rapid response system and the need for strengthening of infection prevention practices.
The conference was attended by >200 delegates, from Boston, Germany, Malaysia and within India from Delhi, Punjab, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Karnataka. They included practitioners, consultants, researchers, post graduates and faculty of various streams related to ID. There were > 100 abstracts on various themes and they were of very good quality; top 14 were presented as oral presentations. An ID quiz was held for the post graduate student delegates by Dr Suneel Mundkur, Professor of Paediatrics, KMC Manipal which was of high quality and was well appreciated.
The conference concluded with a valedictory function with Dr Jesse Pappenberg, Dr Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay, and Dr Murali T S awarding prizes to winners of various competitions. Dr Kavitha Saravu, expressed gratitude to all who helped in organizing the conference and contributed to its its success.