Manipal Center for Infectious Diseases

Prasanna School of Public Health
Manipal Academy of Higher Education


Symposium on Infectious Disease Outbreak - 25th January 2020

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With the global concerns growing over the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) epidemic outbreak in China and its spread worldwide, Department of Infectious Diseases at KMC, Manipal in association with Manipal Centre for Infectious Diseases, organized a timely and relevant symposium on Infectious Diseases outbreaks on 25th January 2020. The symposium discussed the efficient Public Health system intervention in various epidemic outbreaks around the world.

Dr Shah Hossain, Public Health Specialist from Prasanna School of Public Health, MAHE highlighted the importance of various public health measures including quarantine and surveillance measures undertaken in India during outbreaks of cholera, Avian flu, H1N1 and CCHF. He emphasized on the need of “surveillance measures to be on alert” as every year presents with a major epidemic outbreak.

Dr Ian Cropley, Infectious Diseases specialist from Royal Free hospital, London discussed the public health measures undertaken in the UK during the Ebola outbreak. He opined that optimization of care was the key factor in reducing mortality. He reflected his experience with epidemic management with well-practiced plans supported by both public and financial support. He also highlighted the poor international response and unavailability of research studies on the go which to an extent led to inability to ascertain best possible treatment. He stressed on multiagency co-operation, rapid development of therapeutics, the need to work in partnerships with affected countries and more importantly the importance of a “plan to activate response team at short notice” to efficiently manage epidemics.

Dr Ankur Rakesh, from Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) coordinator for Global Health and Humanitarian Medicine- South Asia discussed the various public health interventions during the Yemen cholera outbreak. He threw light on the various challenges faced by clinicians in providing basic healthcare in a civil war struck country like Yemen.

Apart from the invited lectures, the symposium also provided an opportunity for the audience to discuss their queries on the novel coronavirus outbreak with Dr Arunkumar, Director of Manipal Institute of Virology. He confirmed the laboratory preparedness for the detection of novel emerging pathogens in India.

and faculties, students and research scholars of MAHE. Dr Kavitha Saravu, Professor and HOD, Department of Infectious Diseases, KMC Manipal hosted the sessions, while Dr Nitin Gupta, Assistant Professor, department of Infectious Diseases, KMC, Manipal coordinated the events.

The increasingly complex picture of infectious diseases outbreaks all over the world was highlighted by the lengthy discussions during the symposium. The session stressed on promoting improved public health through communication and outreach with the outreach extending to policymakers. The symposium was highly successful and added significantly to the knowledge base of this important topic.

Symposium on HIV– Mangalore - 5th November 2019

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A symposium on was held at KMC Attavar on 5th November 2019. The event was inaugurated by Dr. Nutan Kamath, Associate dean, KMC Mangalore and Dr Zelalem T, Infectious Diseases specialist, Mayo Clinic, USA. The symposium was organized by Department of Medicine, KMC, Mangalore and Manipal Center for Infectious Diseases.

Dr John Ramaparum delivered a talk on HIV care at KMC Attavar. Dr Zelalem gave an invited lecture on TB in the setting of HIV. Dr Deepak Madi presented interesting ID cases from KMC Mangalore. Post graduates from department of Medicine presented challenging HIV cases in clinical practice. The post graduate session was moderated by Dr. Deepak and Dr Basavaprabhu. Around 92 delegates from various departments attended the symposium.

Symposium on HIV & Inauguration of Department of Infectious Diseases - 04th November 2019

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A half day Symposium on HIV was held on 04th November 2019 organized by Manipal Center for Infectious Diseases (MAC ID) in association with Departments of Medicine & Infectious Diseases, which hosted 90 faculty members, students and research scholars. CME speakers, Dr. Nitin Gupta (Assistant Professor, Department of Infectious Diseases, KMC Manipal) spoke on Initiation of ART in PLHIV in India and Dr. Zelalem Temesgen (Infectious Diseases Specialist Mayo Clinic, USA) highlighted on Tuberculosis in the setting of HIV, and followed by a Case discussion on HIV by Dr. Zelalem Temesgen and Dr Kavitha Saravu. Department of Infectious Diseases was Inaugurated by chief guest Dr Zelalem Temesgen. Pro Vice Chancellor, MAHE Manipal Dr Poornima Baliga B remarked that, “The beginning of this department will educate medical students. We are also aiming to start many other departments like this which in turn will benefit the society.” The function was presided by Dr Vinod Bhat, who in his address said, “The time when the general practitioner treated every disease has gone. Now, all the specialties and specialists are needed for treatment of the disease. This is not just the demand of the medical sciences, and it is also the wishes of people. Though it is a division of internal medicine, this department will help in treating infectious disease in better way”. Dr sharath Rao, Dean KMC Manipal welcomed the gathering. The session was concluded by vote of thanks by Dr. Muralidhar Varma, Associate Professor, Department of Infectious Diseases, KMC Manipal.

Guest Lecture by Dr Sheela Shenoi – 29th October 2019

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A full House of experts in HIV and TB research together with postgraduate students in the field assembled for a Guest lecture, held at shirdi saibaba hall Manipal , organised by Manipal Centre for Infectious Diseases (MAC ID), Prasanna School of Public Health, MAHE, Manipal In association with Departments of Medicine & Infectious Diseases, KMC Manipal on 29th October 2019.

The lecture was presented by Professor Sheela Shenoi, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Yale school of Medicine, New Haven. The talk was on “TB Preventive Therapy and Contribution to TB Elimination”.

Chemoprophylaxis against tuberculosis is necessary for protection against the disease, especially in high risk and vulnerable population (in patients living with HIV and in children less than 5 years of age). The traditional practice was to administer Isoniazid prophylactic therapy (IPT) to PL-HIV and under 5 contacts of Tb patients for a period of 6 months.

Dr Shenoi spoke about alternate chemoprophylaxis regimens – of shorter duration which have been found non-inferior to the standard protocol. They include, 3 months of weekly Isoniazid with Rifapentine, 1 month of daily INH and Rifapentine, 4 months of daily Rifampicin. Longer duration of INH has been found to be similarly effective in preventing TB, but with lesser compliance and risk of higher toxicity. There is no substantial increase in the risk of INH resistance secondary to IPT and the benefits outweigh the risks.

Guest Lecture by Dr. Jesse Papenburg - August 12th 2019

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Department of Pediatrics, KMC Mangalore in association with Manipal Center for Infectious Diseases, PSPH, MAHE, Manipal organised a guest lecture by Dr Jesse Papenburg Paediatric Infectious Disease Specialist and Medical Microbiologist, McGill University Health Care Center, Canada on 12th August 2019 at 3pm to 4 pm in Sushrutha hall, KMC Hospital Attavar, Mangalore. Dr Jesse Papenburg discussed regarding “Advanced Molecular diagnostics/POC tests in paediatric respiratory infections”. Faculty from Microbiology and Pediatrics department and trainees from pediatrics attended the guest lecture. The session was very informative and interactive.

3rd Manipal International Infectious Diseases conference – August 10th & 11th 2019

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The 3rd Manipal International Infectious Diseases Conference 2019, was organized on August 10th and 11th by Manipal Center for Infectious Diseases (MAC ID), Prasanna School of Public Health in association with the Department of Medicine, Kasturba medical College, Manipal and McGill Global Health Program, Canada on the theme “Tropical Infections and Global Health”. It brought together over 210 interested faculty, students and research scholars

Dr Sharath Rao, Dean, KMC Manipal welcomed the gathering. Dr Kavitha Saravu, the joint Coordinator of MAC ID gave the overview of activities of MAC ID and the conference. The Conference was inaugurated by the Vice Chancellor, Dr Vinod Bhat and he envisioned that in coming days “One health” approach and surveillance should be the way forward for early detection of infectious disease outbreaks. The guest of honor was Dr Poornima Baliga and released the MAC ID newsletter ‘Contagion’ and wished the best for the deliberations. Dr Sneha Deepak Mallya, Associte Professor of Community Medicine, proposed the vote of thanks.

Sir Nicholas J White, Professor of Tropical Medicine at Oxford and Thailand, gave a key note on Malaria: The past, present and future. He traced the history of malaria, evolution of drug resistance in malaria. He hinted that the malaria vaccines could potentially be valuable in low endemic areas to eliminate malaria.

In another key note, Dr Ravi Vasanthapuram, Professor of Neurovirology at NIMHANS Bangaore highlighted the epidemiology of Acute encephalitis syndrome, newer testing algorithms, and the need for early identification of treatable causes of encephalitis for improved outcomes.

Dr David Richard Bell, Global Health Expert from Seattle, USA spoke on Diagnostics of Acute fever: Technology Innovation meets reality and spoke on Challenges in availability & use of Point of care diagnostics, biomarkers for diseases severity and the importance of true costs of diagnostics for the national program. He also highlighted on the methods available for detection of low level malaria parasitemia in elimination settings.

Prof Nicholas P J Day, Professor of Tropical Medicine at Oxford and Thailand gave overview of antimicrobial resistance globally, need for better ways of estimates incorporating clinical outcomes and alluded to antibiotic footprints as communication tools. He also spoke on the iceberg phenomenon of melioidosis, and the high risk of diabetic patients acquiring the infection and the increasing need for laboratories capable of identifying the bug responsible for melioidosis.

Dr Jesse Pappenberg Paediatric Infectious diseases specialist from McGill University, Canada spoke on Advanced Molecular Diagnostics/POC tests in Respiratory Infections and emphasized the need to choose the diagnostics wisely and the need for influenza vaccination. Despite efforts to improve prevention and management in pediatric pneumonia, the burden remains huge. Determining the causative agent still presents a challenge at both individual and population level and antibiotics are being overused in pediatric CAP and bronchiolitis.

The Indian Scenario of HAI and AMR: Results from India AMR Surveillance Network were presented by Prof Purva Mathur from AIIMS, New Delhi showed alarming rates of drug resistance; she spoke on the ICMR initiative on Antimicrobial Stewardship across Indian hospitals to curtail AMR.

Dr Ram Gopalakrishnan, infectious diseases specialist from Apollo Chennai discussed the Current Options and Strategies for the treatment of Drug Resistant Gram Negatives in India and infections in immunocompromised patients. Dr Swati Rajagopal Infectious Diseases and Travel Medicine Consultant from Bangalore presented Management of Drug Resistant Gram Positives. Dr John Jude Prakash from CMC, Vellore spoke on epidemiology and diagnosis of Scrub Typhus & other Rickettsiosis.

Dr Patricia Fontela, paediatric intensivist from McGill University, Canada discussed about the utility of biomarkers in reducing the duration of antibiotics. Dr John Jude Prakash, Professor of Micobiology from Christian Medical College spoke on the epidemiology and diagnosis of Scrub typhus and other Rickettsiosis. Dr Reeta Mani, Additional Professor of Neurovirology from NIMHANS Bangalore presented the recent updates on antemortem diagnosis and management of Rabies and newer simplified vaccine schedule.

Dr Manisha Madkaikar, Director of National Institute of Immunohaematology from KEM Hospital, Mumbai spoke on Primary immunodeficiency in Children and adults. She also gave another talk on Infection induced HLH. Infection induced HLH diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion. Only 10 % cases are familial. However, she emphasized that we must rule out familial HLH even in suspected secondary HLH cases

2nd day of the conference saw many topics on outbreaks.

Dr Sajeeth Kumar, Medical Suerintendent and Professor of Medicine, Kozhikode Medical College, spoke on the Lessons learnt from Nipah virus outbreak in Kerala. Though it is a deadly infection, a strategic management plan and skilled team effort saved the day, he stressed. Professor G. Arun Kumar, Director of Manipal Institute of Virology gave a talk on Emerging Viral Hemorrhagic Diseases such as KFD, Ebola, Dengue haemorrhagic fever and Crimian Congo Haemorrhagic fever(CCHF). An interactive session on what to publish, how to publish and where to publish by Prof. Nicholas Day, Prof. Nicholas White and Dr. David Bell was moderated by Dr Sneha Deepak Mallya, KMC and Dr Murali T S from School of Life Sciences.

An informative panel discussion on Outbreak management: The Road ahead was led by Dr. Kavitha Saravu, Eminent panelists including Dr Sajeeth Kumar, Dr Shah Hossain, Dr Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay and Dr Arunkumar emphasized the need for surveillance in the community and the lab, need for more laboratories equipped with skills and technology to detect the pathogens, coordinated rapid response system and the need for strengthening of infection prevention practices.

The conference was attended by >200 delegates, from Boston, Germany, Malaysia and within India from Delhi, Punjab, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Karnataka. They included practitioners, consultants, researchers, post graduates and faculty of various streams related to ID. There were > 100 abstracts on various themes and they were of very good quality; top 14 were presented as oral presentations. An ID quiz was held for the post graduate student delegates by Dr Suneel Mundkur, Professor of Paediatrics, KMC Manipal which was of high quality and was well appreciated.

The conference concluded with a valedictory function with Dr Jesse Pappenberg, Dr Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay, and Dr Murali T S awarding prizes to winners of various competitions. Dr Kavitha Saravu, expressed gratitude to all who helped in organizing the conference and contributed to its its success.

CME on “Outbreaks of emerging and re-emerging infections” - March 30th 2019

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The CME on “Outbreaks of emerging and re-emerging infections” was held on March 30th 2019 in association with Manipal McGill Center for Infectious Diseases, Prasanna School of Public Health, MAHE, Manipal. The CME also included the 6th Dr. N.C. Ananthakrishna Endowment Oration by Dr Raghavendra D. Kulkarni, Professor and Head of Microbiology, SDM College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad.

The program started with a talk by Dr. Arun Kumar Professor and Head, Manipal Centre for Virus Research MAHE on “Monkey Fever Returns” wherein he spoke about the recent outbreak of Monkey fever, the unusual symptoms, the risk factors, lab diagnosis and epidemiological aspects.

This was followed by the inauguration program. Invocation by Mrs. Shobha Prasada was followed by the welcome address by Dr.K Vidyalakshmi, Prof and HOD and the organizing Secretary of the CME. The Pro VC of MAHE Mangalore Campus Dr. Surendra Shetty inaugurated the CME by lighting the lamp and addressing the gathering. Dr. Unnikrishnan, Associate Dean was the guest of honor and delivered his message. Dr. Kavitha Saravu the Joint Co-ordinator of MAC ID spoke a few words. The recipient of 6th Dr.N.C. Ananthakrishna Endowment Oration by Dr Raghavendra D. Kulkarni, Professor and Head of Microbiology, SDM College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad was felicitated during the program. Dr.Ethel Suman, Associate Professor and Joint Organizing Secretary of the CME proposed the vote of thanks. Dr.Smrithy compered the entire program.

The inaugural program was followed by tea break. This was followed by the oration by Dr. Raghavendra D Kulkarni on the topic “Emerging and Re-emerging contagions-Trends and Scenario”.

The next scientific deliberation was by Dr. Mohan Papanna, Public Health Specialist (Infectious diseases and One Health), Department of Global Health Protection, US CDC, India Office, Embassy of United States of America, New Delhi on Outbreaks are inevitable, How prepared are we?

Post lunch sessions included Current scenario of Diphtheria in India and the expectations from Clinical Microbiologists by Dr. Naveen Kumar, PhD, FLS (Lon). Scientist-C, ICMR (Ad-hoc), Christian Medical College, Vellore. The interactive session was also very informative especially with regard to the importance of vaccination in adolescents and the present scenario of re-emerging diphtheria in adults.

The last session was by Dr John T Ramapuram, Professor & Head, Dept of Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore who spoke on Swine influenza under the catchy title “The Pig that Flu”.

The scientific deliberations were very informative and interesting. The CME was well attended by delegates from all over Karnataka. There were a total of 104 delegates.

The certificates were distributed during the valedictory function. Dr. K.R Kamath, Professor of Orthopaedics, KMC, Mangalore was the Karnataka Medical Council Observer. The CME acquired good feedback from the delegates and was a grand success.

Symposium on Safe travel - 23rd March 2019

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The Symposium was inaugurated by Pro Vice Chancellor, Faculty of Health Sciences, Dr. Poornima Baliga; Dr. Pragna Rao, Dean KMC, Manipal, Mr CG Muthana, COO, Kasturba Hospital & Dr Avinash Shetty, Medical Superintendent of Kasturba Hospital, Manipal.

Dr. Kavitha Saravu, Professor, Dept. of Medicine and Joint co-ordinator Manipal McGill Centre for Infectious Diseases gave the welcome address. Dr Avinash Shetty provided an overview of the symposium & the Travel Clinic at Kasturba Hospital. The Travel Medicine Clinic Flyer was released by the dignitaries at the inaugural function. Dr Poornima Baliga made the presidential remarks & discussed the scope of the travel clinic. Dr Chythra R Rao, Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, at KMC, Manipal, Co-ordinator for Cente for Travel Medicine & Organizing secretary of the symposium delivered the vote of thanks.

The symposium was attended by 40 delegates which included postgraduates & faculty of various departments & institutions and 40 students from 4th semester MBBS at KMC Manipal. Dr Chythra elaborated the need for a Travel clinic & the preventive services, hazards associated with long distance travel & role of preventive vaccinations & chemoprophylaxis for the same. Dr Swati Rajagopal explicitly discussed the infectious disease threats faced by adult travelers & the need for tailor made interventions based on travel itinerary.

Dr Shashikiran discussed common comorbidities like diabetes, hypertension & cardiac conditions – risks associated & preventive strategies for travelers with these conditions.

Infectious disease threats & mitigation among paediatric travelers was discussed by Dr Asha Hegde. Dr Pasi discussed in detail about International health regulations, mandatory vaccinations & quarantine, role of APHO, existing Acts & guidelines.

The Panel discussion on international travel risks dwelled on the specific threats like airborne infection control for tuberculosis in aircrafts, disinsectation of aircrafts for malaria, quarantine principles, need for inclusion of travel health in the medical curriculum, disease transmission risks at porous land borders & sea ports.

The sessions were well appreciated with good discussion among the resource persons & delegates. The organizing team acknowledges the financial & logistics support extended by Manipal McGill Centre for Infectious Diseases, Kasturba Hospital & Department of Community Medicine, KMC Manipal, for the smooth conduct of the event.

Workshop on Polymerase Chain Reaction for Diagnosing Infectious Pathogens - 1st March 2019

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The Hands-on workshop on “Polymerase Chain Reaction for Diagnosing Infectious Pathogens” was organized by School of Life Sciences, MAHE in KMC Attavar Hospital, Mangalore on 1st March 2019 with the support of Manipal McGill Center for Infectious Diseases. A total of 22 participants including researchers from Kasturba Medical College Manipal, Manipal Institute of Technology Manipal, Manipal College of Dental Sciences Manipal, Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences Manipal, Melaka Manipal Medical College Manipal, Mangalore University, St. Agnes College, Mangalore, SDM College, Ujire participated in the one-day workshop. We had resource persons from School of Life Sciences (SLS), MAHE, Manipal and Kasturba Medical College Mangalore. The workshop started with registration of participant followed by a talk by Dr. T.S. Murali on the topic “Polymerase Chain Reaction: Techniques and variations”. This was followed by a talk by Dr. Shrikala Baliga on the topic “Molecular techniques in infectious disease detection”. After a tea break, the participants had a hands-on practical session on performing PCR and PCR-RFLP. Followed by lunch, Dr. Saadi Abdul Vahab presented a talk on “Applications of PCR to diagnose infectious organisms”. This was followed by a bioinformatics session by Dr. Bobby Paul on “Designing of primers, performing PCR and analysing sequences”. The participants then continued with the practical session to observe the results obtained. In the evening, there was high-tea, and the valedictory session with Dr. Gopinath, Retired Senior Scientist from MAHE being the chief guest. Dr. K. Satyamoorthy, Director, School of Life Sciences requested the participants to actively engage with researchers in School of Life Sciences towards any other related scientific activities. The certificates were distributed by Dr. Gopinath to all the participants. Overall, the feedback from the participants suggested that the lectures provided a clear and detailed description on performing a PCR and their associated various techniques as well as provide specific information on utilizing these techniques towards studying infectious organisms.

Guest Lecture on " Will SmartApps Plug health Service Delivery Gaps? Evidence from South Africa, Canada and India" - 11th March 2019.

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A guest lecture was organised Manipal McGill Center for Infectious Diseases in association with Department of Community Medicine and Department of Medicine, Kasturba Medical college, Manipal on 11th March 2019. Dr. Nitika Pant Pai who is a core committee member of MAC ID from McGill University delivered a guest lecture on the topic of "Will Smart Apps Plug Health Service Delivery Gaps? Evidence from South Africa, Canada and India". Dr Pai’s talk focussed on product innovations for self-testing, multiplex testing, rapid point of care testing and integrated sexual and reproductive services. She highlighted the evidence from implementation research of her innovative app based solutions in distinct populations across Canada, India and South Africa. Dr Kavitha Saravu, Joint Coordinator of MAC ID welcomed the gathering. The session was attended by over 35 participants including postgraduates, PhD scholars and faculty from various institutions of MAHE. Finally, the session was concluded by a vote of thanks by Dr. Sneha D Mallya, Associate professor Department of Community Medicine, KMC Manipal.

CME on Recent Updates in Tuberculosis Management -9th & 12th January 2019

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The two day CME on Recent Updates in Tuberculosis Management was organized by Manipal McGill Center for Infectious Diseases & District Health Society, TB Division, Udupi in association with Manipal College of Nursing, Department of Medicine, KMC Manipal & Department of Community Medicine, KMC Manipal.

Half day CME’s were held on two days on 9th and 12th January 2019. On 9th CME was held at Nalanda Class room, Kasturba Hospital, Manipal and participants were post graduates and Faculty of Medicine. On 12th the CME was targeted towards Nursing faculty, PhD scholars and delegates from various departments. CME sessions were attended by 55 and 65 students, faculty and research scholars respectively on two days.

CME speakers, Dr, Ashwini Kumar (RNTCP, Nodal Officer, KMC Manipal, Additional professor, Department of Community Medicine, KMC, Manipal) Dr Kavitha Saravu (Professor and Unit head, Department of Medicine, KMC Manipal, Joint Coordinator MAC ID, PSPH, MAHE, Manipal), Dr Aswini Kumar Mohapatra (Professor, Dept. of Pulmonary Medicine, KMC Manipal) and Dr Amithash M P (Assistant Professor, Dept. of Pulmonary Medicine) highlighted various topics on Tuberculosis. The CME commenced with talks on Integrated TB Diagnostics algorithms, Management of Tuberculosis, How to protect health care workers from TB followed by a panel discussion on Bridging the Know Do Gap in Tuberculosis Prevention and Management on both the days. The panel discussion was moderated by Dr Cynthia Amrutha (Assistant Professor, Dept. of Medicine, KMC Manipal) and the Panelist were Dr Chidananda Sanju S V, Dr Kavitha Saravu, Dr Aswini Kumar Mohapatra, Dr Amitash, Dr Kiran Chawla (Professor & Head, Dept. of Microbiology, KMC Manipal), Dr Vishnu Prasad (Associate Professor, Dept. of Microbiology, KMC Manipal), and Dr Ashwini Kumar.

The CME concluded with the Valedictory. Dr Chidananda Sanju S V, District tuberculosis officer, Udupi was the Chief Guest and Dr Judith Angelitta Noronha, Associate Dean, Manipal College of Nursing was Guest of Honour for the Valedictory function. Dr Chidananda Sanju stressed on the role of Medical Colleges and nursing community towards TB elimination goal of Government of India. Dr Shashidhar, Professor and Head of Community Health Nursing, MCON welcomed the gathering. Dr Kavitha gave the overview of the CME and Dr Ashwini Kumar, Additional professor of Community Medicine, KMC Manipal proposed the vote of thanks. Dr Latha T, Assistant professor, Department of Surgical nursing, MCON hosted the event.

Workshop on Standard methods in evaluation of antimicrobials - 10th and 11th December 2018

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A two day workshop on “Standard methods in evaluation of antimicrobials” was organised by the Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology (DPBT), MCOPS, MAHE in collaboration with Manipal McGill Centre for Infectious Diseases (MAC ID), Prasanna School of Public Health, MAHE, Manipal on 10th and 11th December, 2018 at PG Seminar Room, Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology. The chief guest of the inaugural function was Dr. Kavitha Saravu, Professor and Unit Head, Department of Medicine, KMC, MAHE, Manipal. The inaugural function began with a prayer from Mrs. Nancy Philip. The chief guest, who is also the Joint Coordinator of MAC ID, in her address to the gathering spoke on the emergence of antibiotic resistance strains and stressed upon the “3S” indicating speed, scale and skill to achieve results. Dr. C Mallikarjuna Rao, Principal, MCOPS, MAHE who presided over the inaugural function in his briefing spoke on the role of pharmacists in tackling the menace of antibiotic resistance. The vote of thanks was proposed by Dr. J Venkata Rao, Professor, DPBT, MCOPS. The two day workshop saw talks from Dr. J. Venkata Rao, Dr. Raghu Chandrashekar, Dr Jesil Mathew and Dr. Divyashree MS (Assistant Professor, MIT) on topics related to antimicrobial susceptibility testing, procurement, culturing and preservation of microorganisms. The workshop also facilitated the participants to gain hands on experience in various techniques employed in microbiological techniques. The workshop had an overwhelming response with participants coming from places such as Coimbatore, Trivandrum, Palakkad, Dharwad and Manipal. The organizing committee, the faculty, research scholars, M Pharm II students and supporting staff from the department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology contributed immensely towards the success of the workshop.

The valedictory function was held on the evening of 11th December at 5 pm. Dr. J Venkata Rao, in his concluding remarks, expressed his satisfaction over the proceedings of the workshop and highlighted the importance of organizing such workshops. Dr. M Sreenivasa Reddy and Dr. J Venkata Rao distributed the certificates to the participants. The participants in their feedback expressed their happiness in receiving hands on experience in various microbiological techniques and gave some valuable suggestions. Dr. Raghu Chandrashekar, in his thanks proposal duly acknowledged the help from people and made a special mention about the contributions from research scholars, PG students. They received certificates of appreciation at the hands of Dr. J Venkata Rao. Ms. Sridevi, research scholar, the MC for inaugural and valedictory functions, conducted the proceedings effectively.

World Hospice and Palliative Care Day – 2nd October 2018

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World Hospice and Palliative Care Day is observed every year on 2nd Saturday of October. Department of Palliative medicine and Supportive Care organized a CME on “Supportive Care in HIV/AIDS” on WHPCD 2018 in association with Manipal McGill Center for Infectious Diseases. CME was conducted at Shirdi Sai Baba Conference Hall in afternoon of 13th Oct 2018. Dr Maria Ekstrand and Prof. Ganpathy KV were invited Guest Lecture for the conference. CME was inaugurated by Dr Poornima Baliga, Pro Vice Chancellor of MAHE. Dr Baliga emphasized on need of Palliative care in the community and awareness of Palliative care among clinicians. Inauguration and launch of theme for WHPCD was also marked by presence of Dr Pragna Rao, Dean KMC Manipal, Mr. C. G. Muthana, Chief Operating Officer, Kasturba Hospital, Manipal and Dr Avinash Shetty, Medical Superintendent of Kasturba Hospital, Manipal. Dr Maria Ekstrand, Professor of Medicine, University of California and San Francisco took plenary session on Stigma as a barrier to access care in HIV/AIDS. Professor Ganpathy, CEO of JASCAP foundation, Mumbai highlighted “role of Volunteer counsellor in care of person living with HIV/AIDS and their families” in another plenary session.

CME was attended by staff, UG/PG students from KMC, Manipal College of Nursing, Prasanna School of Public Health. Dr Naveen Salins moderated the CME. He mentioned the contribution of Cicely Saunders in Hospice movement in UK and European countries. In the conclusion, Dr Salins expressed sincere thanks for faculties, Audience and Marketing department for smoothly organizing the CME by Department of Palliative Medicine and Supportive Care.

MAC ID International Conference 2018 – August 11th and 12th 2018

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The Manipal McGill International Conference 2018 was held on 10th and 11th August 2018. It was inaugurated at 9 AM by the chief Guest Dr Vinod Bhat, VC MAHE and Guest of Honour, Dr Poornima Baliga, Pro VC MAHE.

Dean Dr M V Prabhu, Dean KMC Mangalore welcomed the gathering. Dr Kavitha Saravu presented a report about MAC ID activities for the year 2017-2018. Dr Vinod Bhat stressed on the interdisciplinary interaction between various departments, importance of public health and translational research. The MAC ID Newsletter Contagion was released. Abstract Book of the conference was also released during the inaugural.

Two parellel CMEs each with about 125 registrations each. CME 1 was on Hospital Infection and Antimicrobial Stewardship. The 1st Session in the CME was on CLABSI which was deliberated upon by Dr OCAbraham, Dr Balaji. Dr Abdul Ghafur, one of the pioneering author of the Chennai Declaration spoke on the Chennai Declaration and After. This was followed by a Panel Discussion on Antimicrobial Stewardship – Practical Guide moderated by Dr Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay. Dr Manjusha Narayanan, Consultant Microbiologist, Newcastle Upon Tyne, NHS, England and Dr Vandana K E Professor, Microbiology, KMC Mangalore and Chair Antimicrobial Stewardship along with Dr Ghafur and Dr Chakrapani, Professor, Medicine, KMC Mangalore. CME 2 was on Diagnostics- Essence of Infectious Diseases,. The 1st session in this CME was on the Lancet Commission on Infectious Diseases by Dr Sanjay Pai, followed by Dr Sandhya Kabra, Addl Director, NCDC who spoke on Strengthening District Labs. Dr Gayathri spoke on the utility of Gene Expert in a tertiary Care Hospital. The 2nd Session in this CME was on Advanced Diagnostics. Dr Chand Wattal, Professor and Chairman Consultant, Sir Gangaram Hospital and Research Centre spoke on MALDO-ToF and Bio-Fire, Dr Ameeta Joshi, HOD, Microbiology, Sir J J Hospital spoke on Advanced Diagnostics in TB and Dr Kayla Larsenson, Director CDC India spoke on Diagnosis of Acute Febrile Illness.

The MAC ID International Conference 2018 with the theme- Unifying all to overcome the Challenges of Tropical Diseases began with the KEY NOTE address by Dr O C Abraham, HOD, Medicine, CMC Vellore on Topical Issues in Tropical Diseases. He spoke at length on tropical diseases of importance in india including Typhoid, dengue, Scrub Typhus. Parellel adult and Paediatric sessions were held which discussed the burning topic of infection with Mangament of Gram negative bacterial infections, Nipah virus, Childhood TB and Management of Dengue in Children. Antimicrobial surveillance network was presented by Dr Balaji V , Professor CMC Vellore and Dr Bhaskar Shenoy spoke on Resurgence of Diphtheria.

On Day 2 a very interesting talk on Ethics and Grant Proposal writing was delivered by Dr Sanjay Pai, Consultant Pathologist, Columbia Asia, Bangalore and Dr Unnikrishnan G, Associate Dean, KMC Mangalore. Management of Gram positive infections by Dr Rajiv Soman, Consultant ID Physician, Pune discussed case based management of infections by Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA and Enterococci. Dr Sharmila Sengupta, Consultant Microbiologist, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore spoke on heterogenicity of CRE.

Dr V Ravi, Professor, Neurovirology, NIMHANS delivered an interesting talk on Vector borne Viral Diseases. Technology in Medicine – a new and emerging field had innovative applications of technology for surveillance of Malaria and its impact on the reduction of active cases and the N –TB app which helps the patients to monitor nutrition in TB by Dr B S Baliga, Prof emeretus, KMC Mangalore and Dr Anurag Bhargav, Professor, Medicine, Yenepoya Medical College, Mangalore.

A quiz for postgraduates was organised by Dr Deepak Madi and Dr Basava Prabhu, Associate Professors of Medicine, KMC Mangalore.

The Conference ended with a very interactive Panel discussion on how to improve Quality of care in TB moderated by Dr Ashwin Kumar, Professor, Community Medicine, KMC Manipal.

The MAC ID International Conference succeeded in its mandate to bring together experts from various fields in Medicine with special interest in infectious diseases. In all about 98 posters and 12 oral presentations were delivered. It was the first time that e posters were used which was well appreciated. The conference and CME was given 4 hours of credit points by Karnataka Medical Council.

World Malaria Day – 2018

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On the eve of World Malaria Day 2018 an awareness program was jointly organized by the Manipal McGill Center for Infectious Diseases, Department of Community Medicine, KMC Manipal and Department of Medicine, KMC Manipal. Street play competition was organized for Students and faculty of Manipal Academy of Higher Education on the theme “End Malaria for Good”. 5 teams participated in the street play competition, UG MBBS students from KMC Manipal, Manipal College of Dental Science, and Department of Medicine these teams won first, second and third place respectively. The winning teams were asked to perform in different public places.

A half day continuing medical education (CME) program, was held on 25th April, 2018 in Interact lecture hall Gd, KMC Manipal which was attended by 120 faculty members, students and research scholars.

The CME was inaugurated with the brief address by the Chief Guest, Dr Narayana Sabhahit, Registrar, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal. He spoke about the open drains in and around Udupi which contributed to mosquito breeding and suggested that researchers and others concerned to bring this to the notice of government authorities. Dr Pragna Rao, Dean of Kasturba Medical College, Manipal was the Guest of Honor who addressed the gathering, and called for involving undergraduate students in such awareness activities more and develop them into more responsible doctors and citizens. Dr Manjunatha Hande, Professor and Head, Department of Medicine welcomed the gathering. Prizes were distributed to the winners of Street play competition. Dr Divya Pai, Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine proposed the vote of thanks. Miss Ashwini PG Student of Community Medicine hosted the event.

The first session began with Diagnosis of Malaria by Dr Chethan Manohar, Professor of Pathology, KMC Manipal. She stressed on the basics of diagnosis of malaria such as microscopy and rapid diagnostic tests. In the second session, Dr Kavitha Saravu, Professor and Unit Chief of Medicine, KMC Manipal and Joint coordinator MAC ID, MAHE, Manipal spoke about Perils and Pitfalls of Management of Malaria. She called for high index of suspicion for malaria in endemic areas, timely accurate diagnosis by quality assured tests and responsible prescribing by the providers.

The last 45 minutes was Panel Discussion held on Opportunities & Challenges to Malaria Control in Coastal regions. The panel discussion was led by Dr Ashwini Kumar, Additional Professor, Department of Community Medicine, KMC Manipal and the panelist were Dr Premanand, District Malaria officer, Udupi, Dr Animesh Jain Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine, KMC, Mangalore, Dr Shashikiran Umakanth, Professor, Department of Medicine, Dr TMA Pai Hospital, Udupi and Dr Shrikiran A Hebbar Professor and Head, Department of Pediatrics, KMC Manipal. Panelists discussed about the challenges of vector control, G6PD deficiency, and management. They deliberated upon the measures Srilanka followed to be successful at eliminating malaria and the methods currently introduced in Mangaluru City Corporation. Panel also suggested various solutions such as keeping 24 x 7 laboratory support at least during malaria transmission season at public hospital, increasing the distribution of long lasting insecticide treated nets (LLIN), especially among migrants and construction workers, monitoring the use of bed nets, DOTS for malaria patients and improving the surveillance of malaria akin to the methods employed in Mangalore with malaria surveillance apps and quickly deploying measures to decrease the transmission in malaria hotspots.

World TB Day - 2018

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Department of Community Medicine, Pumonary Medicine, Manipal McGill Center for Infectious Diseases (MAC ID) and District Health Society (TB Division) Udupi District organized 6 days (19.03.2018 to 24.03.2018 from 2 to 5 pm ) sensitization programme for Faculty Post Graduates, Interns and Nursing Staff of ten TB managing departments on “Recent changes in Technical and operational guidelines of RNTCP” held at KMC Manipal. 128 Faculty members, 111 Post Graduates and Interns and 54 Staff Nurses attended the programme. Dr Ashwini Kumar Nodal officer RNTCP gave brief note on evolution of TOG 2016 and need for following standard uniform mode of diagnostic methods and treatment of tuberculosis.

Invited speakers were Dr. Somashekar N, Sr.TB Specialist, NTI (National Tuberculosis Institute), Bangalore, Dr. Arjun S Nayak Manel, In charge of DR-TB centre GWH Mangalore and Asst. Prof. Dept. of General Medicine, KMC, Mangalore. Dr. Deepu Changappa, National TOT, Asst. Prof. Dept. of Respiratory Medicine, YMC, Mangalore.

And internal speakers were:
Dr. Ashwini Kumar Nodal officer RNTCP, Additional Professor Community Medicine, KMC Manipal
Dr. Rahul Magazine, Prof & HOD, Dept. of Pulmonary Medicine, KMC, Manipal.
Dr. Kiran Chawla, Prof & HOD, Dept. of Microbiology, KMC, Manipal.
Dr. Kavitha Saravu, Prof and Unit Head, Dept. of General Medicine, KMC, Manipal and Joint coodinator of Manipal McGill Center for Infectious Diseases, MAHE, Manipal
Dr. Muralidhar Varma, Associate Professor, Dept. of General Medicine, KMC, Manipal.
Dr Vishnu, Associate Professor of Microbiology, KMC Manipal
Dr. Amitesh, Asst. Prof. Dept. of Respiratory Medicine, KMC, Manipal.
Dr. Vyshak U S, Asst. Prof. Dept. of Respiratory Medicine, KMC, Manipal.
Dr. Sadhana N Holla, Dept. of Pharmacology, KMC, Manipal

The topics discussed were TB case finding, laboratory diagnosis of TB, treatment algorithms, MDRTB algorithms, Adverse drug reactions in tuberculosis, and how to protect health care workers from tuberculosis. Validictory function was held on 24.03.2018 commerationg world TB day. Dr Pragna Rao, Dean KMC Manipal, District TB officer Dr Chidanand Sanju, HOD pulmonary Medicine, Community Medicine, Microbiology and MAC ID In charge were present.

Guest lecture by Dr Ritu Banarjee - 5th March 2018

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Manipal McGill Center for Infectious Diseases & Department of Medicine, KMC Manipal organized a guest lecture on 5th March 2019 in Nalanda Class room, Kasturba Hospital, Manipal.

The lecture was presented by Dr Ritu Banarjee is Associate Professor, Pediatric Infectious Diseases, and Director, Pediatric Antimicrobial Stewardship Program, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA

Many strategies and technologies are available to improve blood culture (BC)–based diagnostics. The ideal approach to BCs varies between healthcare institutions. Institutions need to examine clinical needs and practices in order to optimize BC-based diagnostics for their site. The optimal diagnostic test or implementation strategy needs to be individualized for each institution, based on unique microbiology, local prevalence of resistance mechanisms, antimicrobial prescribing patterns, and antimicrobial stewardship activities. Dr Ritu Banerjees talk reviewed the evidence that rapid testing together with antimicrobial stewardship interventions provide more favorable outcomes than rapid testing alone, and will provide examples of implementation strategies for BC diagnostics that have been effective in some US institutions.

Guest lecture by Dr Cedric Yansouni - 1st March 2018

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Manipal McGill Center for Infectious Diseases & Department of Medicine, KMC Manipal organized a guest lecture on 1st March 2019 in Nalanda Class room, Kasturba Hospital, Manipal.

The lecture was presented by Dr Cedric yansouni is Associate Director of the J.D. MacLean Centre for Tropical Diseases, Assistant Professor of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology at the McGill University Health Centre in Montreal, Canada. The talk was on “Infections in Immunocompromised host”

Dr Cedric provided a case-based approach to infections in immunocompromised hosts. He discussed the manifestations and treatment of selected life-threatening opportunistic parasitic infections, especially strongyloidosis.

Symposium on “Optimizing Antibiotic use in Hospitals”

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A full day Symposium on “Optimizing Antibiotic use in Hospitals” was organized by Departments of Microbiology and Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore in collaboration with MAC ID, Manipal Academy of Higher Education on 18th November 2017 in Medical Education seminar hall, Light house hill road, KMC, Mangalore.

Symposium was inaugurated with a brief address by Dr Venkataraya Prabhu M, Dean, KMC, Mangalore. He appreciated this new venture and also expressed his happiness that MAC ID programmes are being conducted in Mangaluru campus too. He shared his thoughts about how judicious use of antibiotics will go a long way in preventing antibiotic resistance development. Over 36 junior and senior residents, Associate professor and professors from Medicine, Microbiology and Pharmacology attended the program.

The sessions began with Principles of antimicrobial therapy by Dr Chakrapani M, Associate Dean, Professor of Medicine, KMC Mangalore. He stressed on the fact that the clinical progress and patient should be given priority during treatment. In the second session, Dr Suchitra Shenoy M, Associate Professor, Microbiology, KMC spoke about Interpretation of antibiogram. The participants were introduced to the mechanisms of antibiotic resistance in bacteria and how they can be detected in the laboratory. She gave a brief on how to choose the appropriate antibiotic in ideal situation.

Dr Sheetal Ullal, Associate Professor, Pharmacology, KMC Mangalore briefed the participants about the PK- PD, MIC and dose optimization of antibiotics. During the interaction she gave them a few hands on calculation to be done. After lunch break, Dr Basavaprabhu A, Associate professor, Medicine, KMC Mangalore, discussed about dosage adjustments in special populations. He stressed on the points in renal or hepatic impairment and drug interactions.

The last one and half hour was Panel Discussion held on 9 different infectious disease cases. One or two cases was given to each table and discussed on all aspects the participants had been learning that day. Finally the session was concluded by certificate distribution to participants and resource persons by Dr Chakrapani M, Dr Vidyalakshmi Prof and HOD, Microbiology, KMC, and Dr Shrikala Baliga Prof in Microbiology.

World Pneumonia Day – 2017

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On the eve of World Pneumonia Day 2017 an awareness program was jointly organized by the Manipal McGill Center for Infectious Diseases, Kasturba Hospital, Manipal, and Manipal College of Nursing, Manipal. Poster competition was organized for Students and faculty of Manipal University on the theme” Stop Pneumonia: Invest in Child Health” and were displayed in the outpatient department of Kasturba Hospital. Informative displays regarding prevention, risk factors for pneumonia in multiple locations in the hospital. Furthermore, students of Manipal College of Nursing presented Educational skit in the hospital for patient awareness on “Pneumonia”, which was well appreciated by patients.

A half day continuing medical education workshop (CME), was held on 15th November, 2017 which was attended by 100 faculty members, students and research scholars. Dr Helmut Brand, Director of Prasanna School of Public Health was the Chief Guest and Dr (col) M Dayananda, Medical Superintendent& COO of Kasturba Hospital, Manipal was the Guest of Honour. CME speakers, Dr. Shantharam Baliga (Professor of Pediatrics, KMC Manipal), Dr Swati Ragagopal (Consultant- Infectious Disease and Travel Medicine, Aster CMI Hospital, Bangalore), highlighted various Pneumonia topics. The CME commenced with talks on Pneumonia in Children: The Road Ahead and Community Acquired Pneumonia in Adults: The Burden, Evolving Trend & Case Management followed by a panel discussion on Prevention of Pneumonia: Are We Doing Enough? Quiz competition for post graduates was organized by Dr Suneel C Mundhkur on “Respiratory Infections”. Finally the session was concluded by a vote of thanks by Dr. Edward Leslie, professor of Paediatrics, KMC Manipal.

Other public awareness activities held were a Health Issue Article in Arogyavani (local newspaper) on “Pneumonia” by Dr Sneha Deepak Mallya (Dept of Community Medicine, KMC Manipal), Dr Kavitha Saravu (Dept of Medicine, KMC Manipal), Interview and call in program in the regional television on “Pneumonia” by Dr Kavitha Saravu on 18/11/2017 and radio talk on Childhood pneumonia by Dr Suneel C Mundhkur, Professor of Paediatrics on 15/11/2017.

Manipal Infectious Diseases Conference & MAC ID Annual Day, 2017 – 22nd & 23rd August, 2017

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The two-day conference on Infectious Diseases organised by Manipal McGill Centre for Infectious Diseases (MAC ID), along with Department of Medicine, Kasturba Medical College Manipal, McGill Global Health Programmes and T.M.A. Pai Endowment Chair in Translational Epidemiology & Implementation research, which concluded here recently, discussed a whole gamut of issues related to infectious diseases. Detection, diagnosis, outbreak, investigation and other related matters came up for discussion by speakers both from India and overseas.

A statement issued by MAHE said that the conference, attended by close to 200 faculty members, postgraduate students and researchers, was inaugurated by H. Vinod Bhat, Vice-Chancellor, MAHE.

Chandrasekar, Chief of Infectious Diseases from Wayne State University, Detroit, delivered the keynote address on recent advances in the diagnostics of fungal infections for earlier diagnosis to reduce mortality.

Madhukar Pai from McGill University, Montreal, spoke about the need for an Essential Diagnostics List. Such a list could be helpful in improving patient care, detecting outbreaks, increasing affordability of tests, reducing out-of-pocket expenses for tests, reducing antibiotic abuse and guiding research and development of new diagnostic tools, he said.

Symposium on Drug resistant Tuberculosis 2016– 21st December, 2016

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On 21 Dec 2016, MAHE organized a symposium on drug-resistance TB. TB is the leading infectious cause of death globally. In 2015, WHO estimated that there were 10.4 million new TB cases worldwide. Six countries accounted for 60 per cent of the total burden, with India accounting for 27 per cent of the global cases. Over 2.8 million new TB cases occur every year and TB kills nearly 900 people every day in India. The emergence of severe forms of drug resistant TB has worsened the situation.

Our key note speaker for the CME was Dr DJ Christopher, Professor& Head, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore spoke on Advances in treatment of DR-TB. We also had Dr Anurag Bhargava, Prof of Medicine from Yenepoya Medical College who spoke about Nutritional Interventions for TB & Dr Madhukar Pai, Director McGill University, Canada, spoke on Diagnosis of DR-TB: Recent Advances and followed by Panel Discussion on protecting healthcare workers from TB.

World AIDS day - 2016

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On the eve of World AIDS Day -2016 an awareness programme was jointly organized by Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Manipal McGill Centre for Infectious Diseases and Rotary Club, Kaup at PKS High School Kalathoor and Vidyavardhaka High School, Pangala . About 90 and 65 students participated in the program respectively. An educational film HIV/AIDS was shown to them.

Awareness posters were displayed in Kasturba Hospital Manipal and educational materials were displayed in HIV clinic for both patients and health care professionals.

Dr John Ramapuram, MAC ID Core Committee Members organized CME on HIV - UPDATE 2016.

Tropical Medicine – Update 2016 - 30th November, 2016

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The CME was jointly organized by the Departments of Microbiology & Medicine, Kasturba Medical College Mangalore and Manipal McGill Center for Infectious Diseases at Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore on 30th of November 2016. The key note speaker for the CME was Dr Michael Libman, Director McGill University, Canada. He spoke mainly on salient aspects of Leishmaniasis and on newer diagnostic modalities in parasitology. Dr Anurag Bhargava, Prof in Medicine from Yenepoya Medical College covered some of the important outbreaks of Scrub typhus and its salient features & Dr Kavitha Saravu, Prof in Medicine, KMC, Manipal spoke on the diagnosis & treatment of Malaria in adults. The guest lectures were followed by three interesting complex cases conducted by the final year postgraduates of Medicine Department.

MAC ID Inaugural Symposium 2016

Click here for more on MAC ID Inaugural Symposium 2016 - 13th August 2016
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With the execution of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on 13th August 2016, the Manipal McGill Center for Infectious Diseases (MAC-ID) was launched in Manipal, with an aim of fostering research and training collaborations in the field of infectious and tropical diseases between MAHE, India and McGill University, Montreal, Canada. In his inaugural address Dr Bhat declared that the research output of the Center should be aimed at three levels, namely to inform the peers in the scientific community, guide the policy makers and provide health literacy to enlighten the public for the betterment of health.

The launch event was marked by an inaugural Symposium which addressed infectious diseases topics such as antimicrobial resistance, diagnosis of acute fevers, and molecular diagnostics for infectious diseases. It brought together over 180 interested faculty, students and research scholars in a platform conducive for active interaction with experts in epidemiology and infectious diseases.